Runes are the mystical alphabet used by ancient European tribes 2000 years ago to name places and things, attract luck and fortune, provide protection, and magically divine the course of future events. Runes were carved onto stone or wood. The tools of the time such as the ax, knife, or chisel could not easily be used to form curved lines, so Runic letters were formed with straight lines only. Virtually all of Europe used them at one time, but today they are best remembered for their use by the ancient Norse: the Vikings.

      The oldest known form and arrangement of Runic letters, the Elder Futhark runes, are estimated by the British Museum to have been in use by the Vikings around 200 A.D. Some believe it to be much earlier. In Norse, the Elder Futhark is read from right to left. "F U T H A R K" is the first 6 symbols of the Runic alphabet (note "th" is one letter).

      The Runic alphabet is phonetic, each letter represents a sound, so double consonants are not used. Words spelled with pp, dd, ll, etc. would be spelled using a single p, d, or l in Runes.

      Rune Symbol Rune Name Corresponding English Letter: Meaning Uses Element
      Fehu Rune - Uses: invites wealth, fullfillment of goals Fehu F Wealth

      Invites Wealth & Fulfillment of Goals

      Uruz Rune - Uses: Invites creativity & wealth Uruz U Strength

      Invites Creativity
      & Wealth

      Thurisaz Rune - Uses: invites strength for facing a tes, difficulty or powerful enemy Thurisaz TH Force, Giant

      Invites Strength for facing a Test, Difficulty or Powerful Enemy

      Ansuz Rune - Uses: Invites divine power, luck & inspiration Ansuz A God, Ancestor, Devine Breath

      Invites Devine Power, Luck & Inspiration

      Raido Rune - Uses: invites renewal, safe spiritual or physical journey Raido R Journey, Wheel

      Invites Renewal & Safe Journey - Physical or Spiritual

      Kenaz Rune - Uses: manifests character & personality Kenaz K, C or Q Torch, Fire, Light

      Manifests Character & Personality

      Gifu Rune - Uses: invites harmony, joy & generosity Gifu G Gift, Partnership

      Invites Harmony, Joy & Generosity

      Wunjo Rune - Uses: invites glory & wisdom Wunjo W or V Glory, Joy, Perfection, Wish

      Invites Glory & Wisdom

      Hagalaz Rune - Uses: carved into weapons of war Hagalaz H Hail, Weapon of War

      Carved Into Weapons of War

      Nauthiz Rune - Uses: invites destiny, accomplish the impossible Nauthiz N Need, Necessity

      Invites Destiny, To Accomplish the Impossible

      Isa Rune - Uses: inbites authority, power, a symbol of masculinity Isa I Ice, Power

      Invites Authority& Power; Symbol of Masculinity

      Jera Rune - Uses: invites long term success, luck, good for gardeners Jera Y or J Year, Harvest

      Invites Long Term Success & Luck; Gardener's Rune

      Eihwaz Rune - Uses: manifest your greatest potential Eihwaz EI, AE Yew Tree, Potential

      Manifest Your Greatest Potential

      Pertho Rune - Uses: invites birth of new, success in games of chance Pertho P Secrets, Chance

      Invites Birth of New; Success in Games of Chance

      Algiz Rune - Uses: invites protection, health & happiness Algiz Z or X Protection

      Invites Protection, Health & Happiness

      Sowulo Rune - Uses: invites salvation, spiritual protection, symbol of the sun Sowulo S Sun, Salvation

      Invites Salvation, Spiritual Protection; Symbol of the Sun

      Teiwaz Rune - Uses: inbites strength of purpose, will power & resolution of conflict Teiwaz T

      Creator, Spear,
      Tyr - The Norse God of Justice

      Invites Strength of Purpose, Will Power & Resolution of Conflict

      Berkana Rune - Uses: invites romance, healing & purification Berkana B Birch Tree, Beloved

      Invites Romance, Healing & Protection

      Ehwaz Rune - Uses: symbol of the bonds of friendship Ehwaz E Horse, Friendship

      Symbol of The Bonds of Friendship

      Mannaz Rune - Uses: invites self knowledge & manifests true self Mannaz M Mankind, Knowledge

      Invites Self Knowledge & Manifests True Self

      Laguz Rune - Uses: invites hope, symbol of the sustenance of life Laguz L Water, Lake

      Invites Hope; Symbol of the Sustenance of Life

      Inguz Rune - Uses: invites true love, friendship, & lasting relationships Inguz NG or ing Fertility, True Love

      Invites True Love, Friendship & Lasting Partnerships

      Othila Rune - Uses: strengthens family & partnerships Othila O Property, Homeland, Inheritance

      Strengthens Family & Partnerships

      Dagaz Rune - Uses: good luck charm, invites spiritual growth Dagaz D Day, Good Luck Good Luck Charm; Invites Spiritual Growth Fire / Air

      Blank Rune
      Odin's Rune   Unlimited Potential Unlimited Potential  


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